EU legal instruments

Export of cultural goods 

Council Regulation (EC) No 116/2009 of 18 December 2008 on the export of cultural goods (consolidated version) – EN  

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 1081/2012 of 9 November 2012 for the purposes of Council Regulation (EC) No 116/2009 on the export of cultural goods – EN

  • List of authorities empowered to issue export licences for cultural goods – EN
  • List of authorities empowered to handle formalities for the exportation of cultural goods – EN

Return of cultural goods unlawfully removed from EU territory 

Directive 2014/60/EU of 15 May 2014 on the return of cultural objects unlawfully removed from the territory of a Member State and amending Regulation (EU) No 1024/2012 (recast) – EN

Import of cultural goods illicitly removed from third countries and areas of conflict 

Proposal for a EU Regulation on the import of cultural goods – COM(2017) 375 final. Brussels, 13 July 2017 – EN 

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